"Those who would judge us merely by the heights we have achieved would do well to remember the depths from which we started."

Dr. Kwame Nkrumah

Independent Ghana.

On August 3, 1956, the new assembly passed a motion authorizing the government to request independence within the British Commonwealth.[29] The opposition did not attend the debate, and the vote was unanimous. The British government accepted this motion as clearly representing a reasonable majority, so on 18 September 1956 the British set 6 March 1957, the 113th anniversary of the Bond of 1844, as the date the former British colony of the Gold Coast was to become the independent state of Ghana, and the nation's Legislative Assembly was to become the National Assembly. Nkrumah continued as prime minister, and Queen Elizabeth II as monarch, represented in the former colony by a governor general, Sir Charles Noble Arden-Clarke. This status of Ghana as a Commonwealth realm would continue until 1960, when after a national referendum, Ghana was declared a republic.

In 1945 a conference (known as the 5th Pan-African Congress) was held in Manchester to promote pan-African ideas. This was attended by Nkrumah of Ghana, Nnamdi Azikiwe of Nigeria and I. T. A. Wallace-Johnson of Sierra Leone. Sir Alan Burns constitution of 1946 provided new legislative council that was made of the Governor as the President, 6 government officials, 6 nominated members and 18 elected members.These forces made Dr J. B. Danquah form the United Gold Coast Conversion (UGCC) in 1947, and Nkrumah was invited to be this party’s General Secretary. Other officers were George Alfred Grant (Paa Grant), Edward Akufo-Addo, William Ofori Atta, Emmanuel Obetsebi-Lamptey, Ebenezer Ako-Adjei, and J. Tsiboe. Their aim was Independence for Ghana.

The Big Six.

The Big Six were six leaders of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC), the leading political party in the British colony of the Gold Coast. They were detained by the colonial authorities in 1948 following disturbances leading to the killing of three World War II veterans. They are pictured on the front of the Ghana Cedi notes.

They were:

Ebenezer Ako-Adjei – founding member of the UGCC
Edward Akufo-Addo – founding member of the UGCC and subsequently Chief Justice of Ghana and president of Ghana
Joseph Boakye Danquah – founding member of the UGCC
Kwame Nkrumah – Prime Minister of Ghana and first president of Ghana
Emmanuel Obetsebi-Lamptey – founding member of the UGCC
William Ofori Atta – founding member of the UGCC

So far has had over 10 leaders as a republic. Below are the past leaders of Ghana in chronological order. The current president of the Republic of Ghana is Nana Akufo Addo.

Dr. Kwame Nkrumah

Joseph Arthur Ankrah

Brigadier Akwasi Afrifa

Edward Akufo-Addo

Ignatius Kutu Acheampong

General Fred Akuffo

Alhaji Hilla Limann

Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings

John Kufuor

John Atta Mills

John Mahama